Category: Did you know?

The economy and transport

In the 18th and first half of the 19th century, Karlovac was the port on the Danube waterway closest to the Adriatic Sea and the largest grain trading and traffic centre in Croatia. Kupa Quay (whose remnants are still visible) was congested with boats, grain warehouses and other goods. Steam boats also sailed the Kupa, the first one carrying wheat arrived into Karlovac from Sisak in 1862 (by the Sava River to Sisak in 1844), a decade before the first Croatian steamboat on the Adriatic Sea.

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Arhitecture and urbanism

The first town draft of Karlovac preserves the date when the construction of Karlovac began, with the date being 13th July 1579, and supported by evidence from the first building plans. It was built as a six-pointed star Renaissance fortress with a central square and regular grid of streets to defend against the Ottomans. Besides Karlovac, in the late Renaissance and Baroque, only a few cities was similarly built in Europe: Nové Zámky in Slovakia, Palmanova in Italy, Naarden in Netherlands, Neuf Breisach in France.

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Cultural and social life

In 1474, Bishop Nicholas Modruški was the first Croat who published a book (“A Speech for Peter Rijarija” in Latin). In possibly the first Croatian printing office (1482-1484), in Modruš the first book in the Croatian language and the Glagolitic alphabet, “The Missal according to the Law of Roman Court” (28 years after Gutenberg’s “Bible”) was printed in 1483.

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Customs and national heritage

The festival Karlovac Beer Days is the biggest beer event in Croatia. In late summer, over a period of 10 days it is visited by over 150,000 beer enthusiasts. On the initiative of Karlovac Brewery, it has been held since 1984 at the central square, and since 2000 in the area of ​​the Korana Sports Fishing Centre. The solemn procession announces the event throughout the city streets, led by a carriage carrying beer barrels.

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Memorable events

Parish Modruš has been mentioned since 1163. It became the centre of the diocese in 1460, at the height of ecclesiastical, cultural and political power. In 1486, Bernardin Frankopan issued the Modruš Feudal Law, one of the most important historical documents in Croatia in the Glagolitic script. As assumed by some historians, the first Croatian and South Slavic incunabula Missal was printed in Modruš in 1483.

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